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What is ICT?

ICT or Information and Communication Technology refers to the integration of telecommunications such as telephone lines and cellphone signals. It is also used to describe a wide range of technological media that includes:

  • The Internet
  • Mobile Phones
  • Programmable Toys
  • Digital Cameras
  • Printers
  • Scanners etc.

When we use video call we used internet. When we send a text or make a call we used a cellular phone. When we run out of load we use payphone which use a telephone network. Having a unified way of communication is one of the goals of ICT. In terms of economics, ICT saved companies a lot of resources with the kind of communication technology they used now a days. In similar way, we spend less because of ICT. As we can send multiple message in the internet.

What are the Components of ICT?

Components of ICT
  1. Software – a series of instruction that tells the computer what to do.
  2. Cloud Computing – Computer operations carried out over computers linked to the web.
  3. Hardware – referes to the actual physical machines that make a computer system.
  4. Internet Access – refers to the process of connecting to the internet using personal computers, laptops or mobile devices by users or enterprises.
  5. Data – is a raw information. The word was originally the plural of datum, which means “a single fact,” but it is now used as a collective singular.
  6. Communication Technology –  refers to all equipment and programs that are used to process and communicate information. 
  7. Transaction – is any exchange of economic consideration that can be reasonably measured and affects the firm’s financial position.  Software – programs that tell computer what to do.